Country Regulation Talent Connectivity Government Business
United Arab Emirates
Overall: 7.54
7.54 6.21 8.76 8.95 6.38
Israel
Overall: 7.35
7.34 6 8.2 8.15 7.36
Qatar
Overall: 6.93
7.72 5.11 8.41 7.56 5.86
Saudi Arabia
Overall: 6.8
7.18 5.03 7.73 8.67 5.47
Bahrain
Overall: 6.44
6.69 5.06 7.5 7.54 5.47
Oman
Overall: 6.28
6.79 4.18 7.5 8.1 5.32
Turkey
Overall: 5.99
4.69 4.1 7.05 8.15 5.06
Kuwait
Overall: 5.59
5.28 3.91 7.52 6.65 4.59
Egypt
Overall: 5.54
5.52 3.84 6.64 7.04 4.7
Tunisia
Overall: 5.35
5.42 3.42 6.83 6.41 4.78
Morocco
Overall: 5.34
6.01 3.38 6.33 6.14 4.96
Jordan
Overall: 5.2
5.47 4.04 5.21 6.41 5.01
Pakistan
Overall: 4.46
4.74 3.53 4.54 5.76 4.65
Algeria
Overall: 4.43
4.73 3.17 5.69 3.68 4.51
Lenabon
Overall: 4.3
3.49 4.28 5.64 3.46 4.71
Omid Mahboubi
Founder - MENACA MENA Cloud Alliance
Haider Pasha
Sr. Director Palo Alto Networks
Arpad Gered
Tech Lawyer MGLP
Andrew Grenville
Founder Orixcom
Georges Haddad
Security Regulatory Lead AWS
Kevin L. Jackson
CEO, GC GlobalNet GlobalNet

This section explains our detailed methodology and the structure behind the Cloud Competitiveness Index 2023.

Scores were derived from publicly available and well-recognized data sources, which have been referenced and credited in this report.

Computation and Composition of the CCI2023

The latest iteration of our Cloud Competitiveness Index was computed based on successive aggregations of scores, from the indicator level, up to the pillar & domain level, and ultimately to the overall CCI score. The overall CCI2023 score is the average of the five domains - each consisting of underlying pillars weighed based on impact as shown below. For individual indicators, prior to aggregation, original values were transformed into a progress score ranging from 0 to 10, with 10 being the ideal state.

The following section indicates the description of each pillar and the sources from which the original values were derived. An interactive tool has been designed to facilitate the consumption of our data and can be accessed at www.menacloud.org/cloud-index-2023. We encourage our users to refer to the original sources for additional information on the nature of underlying indicators used to build the Index.

Cloud Regulation

Measures the answers to the following questions:

  1. Is there a cloud first policy in place?
  2. Are crossborder personal data transfers free of restrictions?
  3. Is there a data protection law on a national level?
  4. Is there a regulatory body responsible for National Data Protection?
Responses could include Yes, N* (partial yes), and No. Corresponding values were then summed up according to weightings to arrive at an overall score. For the complete list of questions and answers please refer to Appendix II at the end of this report.
Source: MENACA Intelligence / DLA Piper / Clyde & Co / Publications by National Authorities

Regulatory Quality

Measures the quality of the regulatory environment in a country and includes the following indicators: judicial independence, efficiency of legal framework in challenging regulations, burden of Government regulation, efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes.
Source: World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness report 2020

Green Regulation

Measures the extent to which a country is committed to formulating regulatory frameworks around sustainability and includes the following indicators: energy efficiency regulation, renewable energy regulation, and environmentrelated treaties in force.
Source: World Bank RISE 2022

Intellectual Property Protection

Measures the extent to which IP is protected within an economy and consists of responses to the survey question “In your country, to what extent is intellectual property protected?” [1 = not at all; 7 = to a great extent]
Source: World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness report 2020

Labor Market

Measures the capacity of a market to accommodate the workforce and includes the following indicators: cooperation in labor-employer relations, flexibility of wage determination, hiring and firing practices, redundancy cost, active Labour policies, workers’ rights, ease of hiring foreign labor, internal labor mobility, effect of taxation on incentives to work, pay and productivity, reliance on professional management, female participation in the labor force, labour tax rate
Source: WEF - Global Competitiveness Report 2020

Skills

Measures the quality of skillsets in the market, especially those that relate mostly to new technology. The underlying categories and indicators are: talent Impact: Innovation output, high-value exports, software development, new business density, scientific journal articles - Employability: ease of finding skilled employees, relevance of education system to the economy, skills matching, highly educated unemployment
Source: Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2022

Growth

Measures the extent to which talent is nurtured in an economy and includes the following indicators: lifelong learning: business masters education, prevalence of training in firms, employee development, formal and non-formal studies - access to growth opportunities: delegation of authority, youth inclusion, use of virtual social networks, use of virtual professional networks
Source: Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2022

Infrastructure & Access

Measures a nation’s standing when it comes to the availability & coverage of the internet and international connectedness and includes the following indicators: percentage of households with internet access, percentage of population covered by mobile networks (3G), percentage of population covered by mobile networks (LTEWiMAX), international internet bandwidth (bit/s) per internet user
Source: World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2021 (as of 30 July 2021)

Penetration

Measures the utilization rate of broadband connections and includes the following indicators: mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions, fixed broadband Internet subscriptions, active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, internet users
Source: World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2021 (as of 30 July 2021)

Affordability

Measures the broadband cost in a country and includes the following indicators: mobile tariffs, handset prices
Source: World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2021 (as of 30 July 2021)

E-Participation

Measures the Online Service Index (OSI) section of the overall E-Participation index. The OSI is a tool to measure the availability and accessibility of online government services. The assessment questions have been organized into five thematic areas, forming five subindices: institutional framework, services provision, content provision, technology, and e-participation. The overall OSI was then calculated based on the normalized values for each subindex.
Source: E-Government Survey 2022

Cybersecurity

Measures the level of commitment to cybersecurity from a country perspective. It helps countries understand their commitments to cybersecurity, identify any gaps, promote the implementation of good practices, and offer insights for improving their overall cybersecurity posture. The Index maps 82 questions on cybersecurity commitments across five pillars: legal measures; technical measures; organizational measures; capacity development measures; cooperation measures.
Source: Global Cybersecurity Index 2020 (ITU)

Future Orientation

Measures the extent to which a country is prepared for the future and includes responses to such questions as 1) “In your country, how fast is the legal framework in adapting to digital business models (e.g. e-commerce, sharing economy, fintech, etc.)? ‘’In your country, to what extent does the government ensure a stable policy environment for doing business?”, “In your country, to what extent does the government respond effectively to change (e.g. technological changes, societal and demographic trends, security and economic challenges)?”; and,“In your country, to what extent does the government have a long-term vision in place?"
Source: WEF - Global Competitiveness Report 2020

Market

Measures the size of a country's public cloud market as well as the strength of a country’s product market and includes the following indicators: distortive effect of taxes and subsidies on competition, extent of market dominance, Competition in services, prevalence of non-tariff barriers, trade tariffs, complexity of tariffs, efficiency of the clearance process, Service trade openness
Source: WEF - Global Competitiveness Report 2023 / Public Cloud - Worldwide 2022 Statistia (https://www.statista.com/outlook/tmo/publiccloud/worldwide)

Innovation Capability

Measures the extent to which an economy is capable of innovation and includes the following indicators: diversity of workforce, state of cluster development, international co-inventions, multistakeholder collaboration, scientific publications, patent applications, R&D expenditure, research institute prominence, buyer sophistication, trademark applications
Source: WEF - Global Competitiveness Report 2020

Business Dynamism

Measures the dynamic nature of a country’s business environment and includes the following indicators: cost of starting a business, time to start a business, insolvency recovery rate, insolvency regulatory framework, attitudes toward entrepreneurial risk, willingness to delegate authority, growth of innovative companies, companies embracing disruptive ideas
Source: WEF - Global Competitiveness Report 2020 / Doing Business 2020

NORMALIZATION & BENCHMARKING

As parameters used in the index had different units and scales, any parameter that did not use a 10-point scale was normalized to make the values comparable. For example, Intellectual Property Protection, from the WEF Global Competitiveness Report, had a rating of 1 to 7 for each country and was thus normalized applying the following formula: $$x = {x - min(x) \over max(x) - min(x)}*10$$

It is important to see the scores of the Index not as stand-alone metrics, but measurements in context. Average scores for all domains and the best scores from the data points were presented for comparison purposes.